Does Having A Hysterectomy Increase Cardiovascular Risk?
If you have had a hysterectomy, does your cardiovascular risk increase? A study that was published in May 2013, in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, states that the answer to this question is no. There is no evidence that having a hysterectomy increases your cardiovascular risk.
In this study, researchers compared cardiovascular risk factors for women going through menopause naturally and those going through surgically induced menopause. They studied over 3,000 pre-menopausal women not using hormone therapy between the ages of 42-52 years of age and followed them every year for over 11 years. It included socio-demographic characteristics, menopausal status, surgeries, body mass index, medication use, lifestyle factors, lipids, blood pressure, insulin resistance, hemostatic and inflammatory factors.
A hysterectomy is a surgery that removes the woman’s uterus. It can sometimes also include the removal of the ovaries. There have been many previous studies that have shown an increased cardiovascular risk associated with hysterectomy, especially when that included ovary removal. It is important to point out, however, that these studies did not take into account the patient’s pre-surgery risk factors, like those mentioned above.
There are many cardiovascular risk factors that need to be taken into account. There are genetic factors, age, weight, lifestyle habits, general health, nutrition status, stress, smoking history and environmental components that have to be considered in anyone’s cardiovascular risk.
The 11 year study, considering hysterectomy and cardiovascular risk did conclude that having a hysterectomy alone does not increase cardiovascular risk when considering a person’s pre-surgery risk factors for cardiovascular disease.